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Wafer


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The rituals practiced at funeral they are meant to facilitate the transition to the afterlife. That is why they are completed by rituals used in memorials and memorials, being thus combined with the Cult of the Elders and ancestors.


The main things needed to make a memorial are: prescura, coil, wine, cage, incense and candles. Likewise, at the memorials, the relatives of the deceased bring to the church 9 heads, 9 candles, wine, cage, prescura and oil. The heads are worn either all at once or three times.


Funeral cake, sacrifice of the spirit of wheat, specific to agrarian peoples, is specially prepared in funeral ceremonies and rituals to commemorate the dead.


coils they are "the pair of the soul without which it cannot integrate among the nation of the carried."


Main 3 funeral rolls, called prescura, head (s) and archangel they are necessary during the funeral service and are distributed to the persons present at the funeral ritual of burial or burial, after the sanctification of the products.


A. Wafer it is a liturgical bread that represents the main material from which the Holy Communion and the Holy Anaphora are prepared, together with wine and water. Prescura goes to the church where he is used by the priest before the Holy Mass.


B. "Heads" or "Rolls of the dead" is prepared from bread dough, in odd numbers, in different shapes: round, in the shape of the letters S, in the shape of 8, in the shape of a wheel, cross, hand, in the shape of a bird (master), etc. In Bucovina they become very large and are called "notches" (due to their notched braid).


Currently, most funeral homes offer for funeral packages of "alms" (dead coils), weighing between 8 kg and 15 kg and contain an odd number of coils of different shapes: ladder, cross, yoke, S, 8 coils , 9 coils and 9 pigeons / puppets.


"The heads" or "Rolls of the dead" are offered as a reward to the priest and to those who performed a function during the funeral ceremony, memorial service and remembrance. Their name suggests their meaning of offering and their ancient origin.


C. Archangel is the burial ring containing the "swastika" - a Dacian symbol used since ancient times. Some coils contain the cross cut at the ends of the crescent and intersected by the swastika thus symbolizing the afterlife. Therefore, in funeral rituals, the swastika acts as a guardian of the keys and gates of the other world.



Wafer



The liturgical bread called "prescura" is the main material from which Holy Communion and Holy Anaphora are prepared.


The word prescura comes from the Greek "prosphora" and means sacrifice, offering, bringing or putting forward.

Prescura - proskura, prosfora - is a small, round bread made of leavened dough.

The pretzels must comply with certain quality requirements: to be prepared from white wheat flour, with natural water, suitable for salting, leavened, well baked, with natural taste.


Types of prescuri

Prescura can have several forms, on which a seal is applied with a special tool, called "pistornic" to print the initials IIS.HR.NI.KA arranged in a square shape:

· round shape

· Cross shape with four corners or ends

· Cross shape with 5 corners;

· The shape of a cross with 3 ribs or heads that imagine the Holy Trinity.




Method of preparation

Mix the Gold Maya flour with the salt and form a hole in the middle of the pile. Add the yeast dissolved in hot water.


Knead well and add a little more flour (maximum one cup) if the dough is sticky. Knead the dough until it becomes smooth and compact.


Put the dough in a bowl or pot, cover and leave to rise for half an hour, in the heat.


Form a ball of dough, flatten it with your palms and smooth it with a wooden rolling pin.

Divide the dough into 9 round pieces (or 15 pieces, depending on the size of each cake).


Shape the jaws and place them with the smooth side down for a few minutes, to rest, then turn and press the gun to print the pattern of the seal.



Shake off the flour and place in the form. Leave it to rise for another 15 minutes.

While the dough is growing, heat the oven well and put the form in the oven.


leave the high heat for the first 10 minutes, then continue baking for 30 minutes on low heat.

After the pretzels are baked, take them out of the oven and place them face down on a clean towel. Cover with several towels to soften and loosen.









About the campaign

The online communication campaign "Culture and mysteries of bread" is carried out by Russenart Comunications agency in partnership with the Gold Maya brand, between June 2014 and May 2015.


The campaign is supported by 34 media partners (televisions, printed and online publications, blogs) including our Site, the No. 1 culinary site in Romania.






What a sin or uncleanness a natural leak has

"It would be just as if someone wanted to blame the secretion that is eliminated through the nostrils and the spitting that is eliminated through the mouth. And then if we believe that man is the creature of the hands of God, according to the divine Scriptures, how could pure power be made a defiled thing? "If we are God's people," according to the divine Acts of the Apostles (17: 28-29), "then we have nothing unclean in us." for only then do we defile ourselves when we commit the most stinking sin. And when there is an involuntary natural leak, then the need for nature, as I said, in addition to the others, we also suffer from this & # 8230 ”


Delta Feast, 5th Edition & # 8211 Activities Schedule April 22-29

The Feast of the Delta, 5th edition, is waiting for you with a program dedicated to all ages, at the Open Air Museum in Dumbrava Sibiului.

Delta Feast: Made fishing gear for children - at Cherhanaua in Mahmudia April 22-29, 14-16


The story of the Lipovan fishing village will be enriched during this period with demonstrations highlighting the fishing and household tools that define any archaic household in Mila 23. Thus, between April 22 and 29 the little ones are expected at the interactive fishing workshop at the cherhanaua in Mahmudia where they will learn how to make their own fishing rod. The three fishermen from Mile 23 will reveal to the children other secrets of net fishing and will help them catch fish from the lake in the Open Air Museum. The workshop will take place every day except Sunday from 2 pm to 4 pm and is done only by prior appointment at the phone number 0740.708.214.

Delta Feast: Preschool at the Mahmudia Fisherman's Oven, April 22, 10 am-4pm

The bread oven with hob from the Fishermen's Farm from Mahmudia, Tulcea County, will be put into operation, respecting traditional techniques (yellow earth soldering and other repairs that are done annually). The moment of the prescuri from the “Delta Festival” aims to restore the wheat road from harvesting to baking bread, for the purpose of ritual consumption, regardless of the community. The ingredients, gestures, words and tools used in the process (water, flour, salt, fire, stone, prestolnicul, carpador, covata, oven) will again make sense with the help of people, in the religious context of the Easter holidays.


On the eve of the holidays, the oven was prepared, cleaned, glued with clay and baking was started with the prescures for the church. The stages of preparing the prescures were necessarily accompanied by the state of bodily and soul purity, prayers and the sign of the cross. In the form of a leavened bread (cross or round), the prescura bears the seal with the initials of the name of Jesus Christ, the Conqueror of Death (NIKA). It is brought to the service of the Holy Mass in the morning is offered as a matter (along with wine) from which the priest prepares the gifts for the Holy Communion, the Body and Blood of the Savior. In the traditional Romanian village, the prescuri were baked by an old woman, a widow or by the village priest, and in the monasteries it was the special duty of a monk or nuns.

Prescription recipe
Ingredients: 1kg of flour
500 ml of lukewarm water
yeast or a mayonnaise cake
a teaspoon of fine salt
prestolnic (pistornic), with IIS / HR / NI / KA seal

Preparation: put the flour in a wooden bowl and pour the lukewarm water. Put the yeast / mayonnaise cake in lukewarm water an hour before kneading, then add salt and mix with the flour and water in the bowl until you get a fluffy dough. Cover with a damp cloth, then with a dry one and leave to heat, to rise for approx. 20 minutes. Meanwhile, prepare the form (it can be baked directly on the tray), without using oil, but just a little wax for greasing (you can also use baking paper). Divide the dough into 15 parts, knead and leave to flatten for a few minutes.

The shape of the prescuri can be round or in crosses, larger or smaller, depending on the seal of the prestolnic. Turn and apply the seal on the flattened side, then cover with a clean, damp cloth for 15 minutes. Leave it in the oven for 10-15 minutes on a higher heat, after which I simmer for approx. 30 minutes. After browning, remove, place face down on a cloth and cover with a damp cloth. The purpose of the damp cloth is to avoid the formation of a thick and hard crust on the face with the seal.

Delta Feast: At the Flower Table with Lipovans, April 25, 10-15

De Florii, for the Lipovans from Mila 23, grass is spread across the church, and during the liturgy, at a certain moment, they sit on their knees, with their foreheads bent on the grass. The gates of the houses are adorned with various green twigs or even flowers. At Florii, mackerel is especially cooked, either marinated, or malasolca, or fried.

As we have become accustomed to in recent years, fishermen from the Danube Delta bring us the joy of the Feast of Flowers in the museum at the "Feast of the Delta", cooking fish dishes, as before. In order to respect the social distance, this year it will be cooked, on Sunday, April 25, starting with 10 o'clock in three areas of the museum, respectively: the fisherman's household from Mahmudia, Tulcea county, the windmills area and at the Country Fair. Lipovan fishermen will cook fresh fish in the following ways: fried fish, meatballs (at the Country Fair), brine (at the Fisherman's Farm, Mahmudia) and fish soup (in the area of ​​windmills). At the same time, in the oven from the Fishermen's Farm from Mahmudia, bread will be baked, according to old, Dobrogean recipes. The food will be served in all three locations between 12-15.

Recipes presented at the Delta Festival, 2021 edition:

"In the old days, when there were fish of all kinds I wanted, I used to do it. Now we cook depending on what we catch: If you have carp, you fry it, if you have perch, you make brine, if you have pike, you make meatballs, if you have big crucian, normally, you make soup. ”, Cătălin Mihail, fisherman (-cooker) from the village of Mila 23


Fried fish
After I catch the fish in a net or venison, especially carp and crucian, it is cleaned, crested, the jaws are removed and you give it a pinch of salt and leave it like this, between 30 minutes and two hours. Then heat oil in a pan. Before you put the fish in the hot oil, put a layer of flour on it, so that it doesn't stick or spread. In summer you eat fish with a salad of vegetables, and in the rest of the year, with mujdei. For me, when I was little, I liked greased fish. Now he doesn't cook like that.

Fish brine
The best brine is made from predatory fish. We put perch and pike most often. But it's also made of carp. You remove the mats on their ears, they do not eviscerate, they do not clean the scales. Put salt on the plate or tray, on what you have at home. And you put the fish on that salt. And keep it until it is like toast, let it burn a little. After that, when you take it off the board, you clean it with a knife so that it falls from the salt, because it has a lot on it and that burn, to some extent. Separately make a water with a little vinegar with garlic, tomatoes, parsley. Boil water, about six parts water and one part vinegar. If the fish does not have enough fish, add salt. When it boils, add the fish and let it boil for 5-10 minutes.

Fish soup
We do not lack the crucian carp, but to be big, beautiful, so that you have something to choose from. Put a perch, a pike's head, a sleeping head or a smaller sleep, said red and slimy for taste. Put the water to boil, prepare the potatoes, onions, peppers, tomatoes. Boil onions and peppers. When the onion turns yellow, a sign that it is cooked, add the potato cut into larger pieces.

When the potato is ready, put the fish, which was only then washed and cleaned, not the day before, here's the trick… and let it boil for 10-15 minutes. Then put tomatoes from the jar or fresh and a few stalks of larch. Add salt and vinegar to taste and lift the pot off the heat. Now coarsely chopped larch chicken generously. Serve with garlic sauce.

Fish meatballs
For meatballs, it's good to combine fad fish with fatty fish. Add to the mincer the pike, the slug and the boneless avat, the potatoes, the onion and the garlic. For color, add dill and a red pepper or donut, also given by machine. Be sure to add eggs to bind the composition. All this is mixed and seasoned with salt, thyme and pepper and left to soak overnight or at least 2-3 hours in the cold. Then shape into small balls and fry in oil until golden brown. It is eaten in summer with a salad or in winter with horseradish and vinegar.


Sanofi states that it does not receive prescriptions for Plaquenil and does not give drugs directly to patients

Sanofi Rom & acircnia said in a press release that in recent times it has been facing an extremely high number of requests for Plaquenil & reg 200 mg (hydroxychloroquine sulphate) compared to the needs of the local oil market now, and the situation is similar. & icircn all countries affected by Covid-19, worldwide & rdquo.

This is despite the fact that the company explicitly points out that it does not recommend or support the release of Plaquenil from pharmacies & regirc for administration outside of approved indications such as, for example, the treatment of patients with COVID-19 or other off-label conditions. The indications for the product can be found in the Summary of Product Characteristics & rdquo; & bdquo.

In the current pandemic context, Sanofi Rom & acircnia states that providing the necessary stock for patients already treated with this drug, as indicated in the leaflet, is a priority and will continue to deliver the stocks needed to cover their treatment needs. According to the marketing authorization, Plaquenil & reg is indicated & icircn: rheumatoid arthritis (joint inflammation), idiopathic juvenile arthritis (in children), systemic lupus erythematosus and discoid (a disease affecting the skin and internal organs), skin conditions caused by sunlight . Plaquenil & reg is also recommended: prevention of malaria and treatment of acute malaria attacks caused by various Plasmodium species.

& bdquoThe stocks insured & icircn the open circuit pharmacies, by Sanofi, through its commercial partners, are intended exclusively for use by the patients under treatment according to the indications approved and mentioned above & rdquo, specify the company's representatives.

In the context of increased demand, it is recommended for patients who are being treated with Plaquenil & reg for one of the above indications and who are having difficulty procuring their medicine to go with the reimbursed prescription to the nearest pharmacy so that, based on the public service obligation, the pharmacy can order the product from the distributors with whom it has commercial relations.

& bdquoWe mention that Sanofi Rom & acircnia is not authorized to receive medical prescriptions nor to issue medicines directly to patients & rdquo, it is shown & icircn communiqué.

Plaquenil treatment is done strictly under medical supervision

On the other hand, at the request of the Ministry of Health, Sanofi responded promptly and donated Plaquenil & reg 200 mg, as required, and the management, distribution and distribution of donated quantities are done exclusively by the authorities, through the distributor CN Unifarm SA, to a list of hospital units decided by the Ministry of Health & rdquo.

Representatives of Sanofi Rom & acircnia retransmit the safety warning regarding the use of Plaquenil, that & bdquop & acircnă & icircn currently, there is insufficient clinical evidence to draw conclusions about the efficacy or clinical safety of hydroxychloroquine (or chloroquine) & icircn treatment of the disease. Preliminary results of various independent studies require further analysis and more robust and comprehensive clinical trials to evaluate the benefit / risk balance of Plaquenil & reg & icircn COVID-19 treatment. Any use of this medicinal product in the treatment of COVID-19 is considered a use & ltoff-label & gt - & icircn in the absence of a marketing authorization to indicate the treatment of COVID-19 & rdquo.


What you can watch for Easter on Kanal D. The station has prepared special editions of the shows on the grid

For the holidays, Kanal D brings to viewers special editions of the shows "This is Romania!" , "Teo Show" and "ROventura", meant to share joy in the homes of Romanians, to present traditions and customs preserved for generations.

Saturday, May 1, "Adventure" will invite you to a story edition, broadcast from 15:00, Andreea Stravoiu and George Mihai arrive at Iaz, in Sălaj, where the young Ligia Bodea built a cradle of deep spirituality and good habits. Sălaj was required to be discovered, on a holiday, so ROventura takes you through the lesser-known valley of Barcău. Andreea and George thus arrive at Iaz, an inexhaustible source of traditions, but also a home for discoverers of ethnographic treasures, as is their host.

The hundred-year-old houses, whose future would be forgotten, the belongings of the household, lying buried in the dust, all found their purpose here, together with a multitude of old recipes, which Ligia prepares for Easter. In good harmony with the tradition of the place and the calendar of the Easter holiday, the cake, the prescura and the moococornele will be the materialization in taste of the emotion and joy with which these housewives await the Resurrection. Every meal in the houses at the Pond is in itself a lesson about the past. But even when we talk about traditions other than culinary ones, the feeling is the same, of a beautiful time travel.

Dressed in festive attire, Andreea and George, together with the whole family from Iaz, enjoy the special atmosphere of Easter and invite you to watch them, with your heart in your mouth, on Saturday, from 15:00, the Channel D!

On Sunday, the first day of Easter, viewers will be able to watch at "This is Romania!" broadcast from 14:30, a special edition - about special people who sanctify the place. On a hilltop, just a few kilometers from Brasov, is the Marcuş Monastery. Mother Abbess Seraphim is the one who built this place from scratch. The team of the show This is Romania! ' he arrives at Marcus Monastery to meet Mother Seraphim - the mother of 16 girls - many of whom he took from the maternity ward, where they were abandoned, adopted and raised as his own daughters. For 16 girls abandoned many years ago, this place has become & # 8220home & # 8221. In 20 years she grew up in the monastery with over a hundred children - with whom she now keeps in touch and of whom she is very proud. Thanks to her, the destinies of these children have changed. However, the help also came from those who contributed to their growth, through donations.

Also in the Sunday edition of the show Asta-i România! ', Viewers will witness an impressive story about the family of Africans who feel Romanian. In Chinari, in Mureș, an exotic family of Africans from Zimbabwe found their place. For 13 years, Godfrey and Precious, together with their 5 children, have been living and feeling Romanian in the village hidden between the hills. Godfrey is a preacher, but he studied biology, chemistry and preventive medicine. He beats the world long and wide, but says that Romania has stuck to his heart. He honestly admits that he wanted to settle in the United States, and in England, and in the Netherlands, but he was not to be, but Romania was like a sign from God to him. At Easter, they dressed in Romanian folk costumes and prepared fasting sarmales with the help of the neighbors who adopted them and became their best parents.

Monday, May 3, on the second day of Easter, the show Teo Show ' she wears festive clothes and invites her viewers to spend time with important guests from this edition.

We find Armin and Petrică Nicoară, with sensational images in a special place, with impressive life stories and chosen music. Vladimir Drăghia and Alice, together with their little girl will come in full formula, on the set of the show to tell how they spent Easter, what goodies they had on the table, but especially, who is the master behind the delicacies. Also in the Monday edition of the show 'Teo Show', broadcast from 15:00, Maria Cârneci and Daniela Condurache team up with Omar and Black Matias, in a quiz with trap questions, a moment sprinkled with laughter and duets unexpected.

In the news programs, reporters Kanal News D they will be among the people and will present the traditions and customs of Easter, a series of impressive reports about the most important Christian holiday. The impressive life story of Ana Porgras, everything about Theo Rose and Bogdan from Ploiești, the musical couple who conquered the world, a fabulous material at Daniela Condurache's house, but also many other surprises in tune with the holiday will be presented in Kanal D News .


How to make homemade bread without yeast. Ancient recipes

Our grandparents knew how to make unleavened bread, and today, some of these recipes are still preserved and prepared. We present, in the following, some special recipes, a good opportunity to rediscover the flavors of authentic gastronomy.


According to tradition, in addition to clothes and shoes, they also give alms and household items. And, of course, dishes (necessarily fasting, if the memorial service is made during Lent. Even if the deceased only liked the & # 8221sweet & # 8221 food, it & # 8221 is not received on Lent days.

The custom of dividing a certain number of plates, glasses, spoons - 6, 12 or 24 - has nothing to do with Orthodox precepts. It is just a tradition that you can respect or not, as your time and budget allow. The number itself has no influence on the state of the soul you mention.


Simona Gherghe: “Couldn't we also have the decency and wisdom of Catholics? Faith is not measured in holy light or in packed prescure. "

Television presenter Simona Gherghe reacted after the Minister of Internal Affairs, Marcel Vela, announced on Tuesday that police patrols will take her to hospitals and quarantined areas, according to adevarul.ro.

The former presenter of the show & bdquoAcces Direct & ldquo, from Antena 1, reacted on her personal Facebook account after the announcement of the Minister of Interior Marcel Vela that the policemen & bdquovor help BOR to share the Holy Passover and the holy light brought from Jerusalem in the evening. Simona Gherghe emphasizes that the Orthodox Roma did not need this "Holy Week", because it will do nothing but endanger their lives. The TV presenter also says that the Orthodox could have the "decency and wisdom of Catholics", living in houses as they do now, and reminds us that true faith is manifested in silence and humility.

& bdquoGod loves people. I think so! And God would not put people's lives in danger, in His name! What did the Orthodox Roma need for this worm, during the Great Week? Did God get upset if we each lit a candle, in our homes, in silence and humility, with the care of the parents or grandparents we need to take care of and protect? He wasn't upset. Couldn't we also have the decency and wisdom of Catholics? Faith is not measured & icircn light & laquosf & acircntă & raquo or & icircn & laquoprescura & raquo & icircpackaged! Faith means caring for the person around you, caring for him, not putting his life in danger! Simona Gherghe wrote on Facebook.


Holy Martyr Theodosius the Virgin - She was born in Tire (Phenicia). In the year 308, on April 2, he saw a group of Christians preparing to be brought to justice for their faith. For the fact that St. Theodosius began to encourage and encourage them.


"This is Romania!", On Kanal D, about the family of Africans who feel Romanian

Also in the Sunday edition of the show "This is Romania!", Viewers will witness an impressive story about the family of Africans who feel Romanian. In Chinari, in Mureș, an exotic family of Africans from Zimbabwe found their place.

For 13 years, Godfrey and Precious, together with their 5 children, have been living and feeling Romanian in the village hidden between the hills. Godfrey is a preacher, but he studied biology, chemistry, and preventive medicine. He beats the world long and wide, but says that Romania has stuck to his heart.

"This is Romania!", On Kanal D.

He sincerely admits that he wanted to settle in the United States, and in England, and in the Netherlands, but it was not to be, but Romania was like a sign from God for him. At Easter, they dressed in Romanian folk costumes and prepared fasting sarmales with the help of the neighbors who adopted them and became their best parents.

On Monday, May 3, on the second day of Easter, the show "Teo Show", on Kanal D, wears festive clothes and invites its viewers to spend time with important guests from this edition.

We find Armin and Petrică Nicoară, with sensational images in a special place, with impressive life stories and chosen music. Vladimir Drăghia and Alice, together with their little girl will come in full formula, on the set of the show to tell how they spent Easter, what goodies they had on the table, but especially, who is the master behind the delicacies.